Why Indian LGBTQs feel excluded from the vaccination campaign
The COVID-19 pandemic has set the LGBTQ rights movement back several years and amplified pre-existing discrimination against the community by a thousand. Therefore, it is not surprising that members of the LGBTQ community have faced several challenges in accessing treatment for the COVID-19 virus and are now struggling to get vaccinated as well.
According to Cowin’s dashboard, only about 35,000 of the 4,8803 trans community members have received the vaccine so far. While the low numbers can be attributed to reluctance to vaccinate, we must now ask ourselves: what has been done to include the LGBTQ community in the vaccination process?
Many trans members are immunocompromised and therefore more exposed to the virus, although no effort has been made to make the vaccination registration process more inclusive for them, said Koyel Ghosh, managing director of Sappho for Equality. , an organization that works to establish the rights of transgendered marginalized women and men.
In an interview with News18, Ghosh explained that many LGBTQ members, especially from marginalized backgrounds, do not have proper photo ID. In the case of trans members, it is often difficult for them to use documents that take into account their birth sex instead of the sex they have chosen and identify with. Therefore, they initiate changes in the documentation.
“However, these changes in the documentation can take a long time, as many of them may not have updated documents with them for immunization yet.” She explained. âIt also doesn’t help that trans people don’t have the opportunity to choose their gender when getting vaccinated. Vaccination forms don’t have the provision that allows anyone to choose ‘transgender’ as an option and have an ‘other’ generic listed in the gender section instead, âshe explained.
Limited research on the trans community
So far, little to no research has been done on the LGBTQ community regarding the COVID-19 vaccine, so there is some skepticism regarding the efficacy and side effects of vaccines among community members. Even the Commission on Human Rights has highlighted this under-representation of these marginalized groups in medical trials, including those for vaccines.
Dr Narendra Kaushik, a plastic surgeon, said he has had to delay sex reassignment surgeries for many of his patients due to the surge in COVID-19 cases over the past year. “These delays are very undesirable for the individual and can be psychologically traumatic for them as their gender dysphoria can only be helped by performing these surgeries.”
Maya, a trans woman member of Vikalp’s women’s group, explained that during the pandemic, many trans people on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) also experienced extreme mood swings after abruptly stopping their HRT. due to the pandemic.
Maithilee Sagara from Nazariya, a queer feminist resource group that works to advocate for the rights of queer women and trans people, also added that there is growing misinformation that HRT can cause sexual violence. blood clots if taken with the vaccine. She said that is not entirely true, but that it has made the community reluctant to get vaccinated.
âThese people should ideally see their endocrinologist before getting vaccinated, rather than being hesitant. The media should also highlight the stories of trans rights activists who have shared their experiences of immunization. This will encourage more people to opt for vaccines, âshe explained.
Access to health care
During the pandemic, members of the LGBTQ community also faced discrimination when they tried to access even basic health facilities.
Quarantine centers were spaces of exclusion, where people with non-normative gender and sexual expression faced negative reactions and challenges and did not feel safe to be open about their gender, that is why some nonprofits have demanded inclusive healthcare spaces.
Such spaces were in fact opened in Manipur on the initiative of the All Manipur Nupi Maanbi (AMANA) association, founded by the trans activist from Manipur Santa Khurai. As a result, the Manipur government opened two quarantine centers specifically for trans people returning to the state.
Ghosh, the administrator of Sappho for Equality, said her organization has also requested special beds for the LGBTQ community. âThey are often denied access to health care, so it is important to have special arrangements for them,â she explained.
Return to dangerous homes, difficult places
In addition to the difficulties of not getting primary health care and immunizations, the impact of the COVID-induced lockdown on LGBTQIA people has been excruciating and traumatic.
Ghosh explained, âLGBTQ people who are kicked out of their homes at an early age have had to return to these dangerous and intolerant homes once again as COVID has reduced their livelihoods and their ability to pay rent.â Those who chose not to return found themselves homeless. Therefore, during the pandemic, we have seen a steady increase in homelessness among members of LGBTQ communities.
Maithilee Sagara from Nazariya said her helpline responds to a significant increase in the number of calls. They are increasingly receiving requests for therapy from members of the LGBTQ community.
âThe majority of distress calls relate to domestic violence from families. Additionally, people complain about mental health issues resulting from endless questioning and examinations. To meet the growing demand for therapy, we have hired an additional counselor, âsaid Sagara.
Mental health problems
Sagara also said that domestic violence is not only physical but also psychological. âDomestic violence has dramatically increased as community members cannot come out due to the lockdown and it is no longer possible to access their safe spaces such as schools, colleges and community gatherings. There is a lot of daily abuse in the home by insensitive loved ones, which can also be traumatic. Therefore, for many LGBTQ members, it has been about a year since they were allowed to express themselves freely at home. “
For example, Rach, a pansexual person from Delhi, said he experienced gender dysphoria when he was tried by his parents at home for wearing nail paint and doing something feminine.
Tahoe, a bisexual from Mumbai, said he faces mental health issues as all of his safe spaces have been ripped off, and as a locked up queer there were few people he could confide in. towards a downward spiral, âTahoe said.
Mansi, a 22-year-old queer woman from Delhi, said gender and sexual minorities are at increased risk for depression, anxiety and suicidal ideation. âThe isolation and loneliness of physical distancing made it worse for us,â she explained.
The path to follow
Vasundharaa Nair, a social scientist and mental health clinician, said that since the lockdown in many states, members of the LGBTQ community have been unable to meet. âTheir whole link with their community has been severed because of their confinement,â she explained.
Nair said the researchers are proposing frameworks and trying to plan out all of the guidelines needed to support the community, but he’s still in the ideation stage. âThe judgment rendered by Judge Madras HC N Anand Venkatesh in issuing guidelines to protect the LGBTQIA + community is important and a way forward,â said Nair.
She also added that in any health care policy, the community should be the primary stakeholder. Additionally, she said clinicians who are not trained to deal with issues faced by LGBTQ people should receive relevant training. âLGBTQ people shouldn’t feel like a second priority. They should have created support groups and spaces to come out and express themselves, whatever the extent of the crisis we find ourselves in, âshe concluded.
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