Job seekers browse employment information at a job fair held at a convention center in Daegu on Friday. (Yonhap)
More women are employed, but Korea’s gender pay gap remains wide, a Ministry of Gender study found on Tuesday.
The Ministry of Gender Equality and Family has published the results of a study entitled “The lives of men and women through statistics”. Although the Ministry of Gender has conducted the study every year since 1997 under the title “Women‘s Lives Through Statistics”, it changed its name this year, including an index on dual-income families and cyberattacks. sexual.
In 2021, Korea had a gender wage gap of 35.4%, meaning women earned on average 31.4% less than men.
The female employment rate last year was 50.7%, marking an increase of 0.5 percentage points from the previous year. The employment rate gap between men and women was 18.8. percent, slightly less than the previous year’s point of 19.1 percent.
However, 47.4% of employed women were non-regular workers, including those in temporary positions, while 31% of employed men were non-regular workers.
The gender pay gap has widened, according to the report. While a male employee earned an average of 3.83 million won ($2,780) per month, a female employee earned an average of 2.47 million won per month, or 64.6% of the average male salary. . The gender wage gap in monthly income was 1.36 million won, an increase of 3 percent from last year.
There were 1.44 million women on career breaks in Korea last year, about 57,000 fewer than the previous year. Women in their late twenties were the most employed age group, with 70.9% employed. But the figure dropped significantly for women in their late thirties, as only 57.5% of them were employed.
The reasons for many women’s career breaks were child care, marriage, pregnancy and childbirth.
The study also showed that more women received medical services for infertility treatment in 2021, which is a tenfold increase from 2017. Last year, 79,099 women and 65,900 men received received medical services for the treatment of infertility. The average age of women giving birth for the first time was 32.3 years, 3.2 years older than in 2005.